OPIATES HAIR DRUG TESTING

A Family At The Center Of An Epidemic.

What Are The Opioids?

Description

The brain’s opioid receptors are largely responsible for the sensations of pleasure and pain and the opioids are all drugs in a class that act on those receptors. While opiates are naturally-occurring chemicals in the Flowering Opium Poppy, opioids are man made. The two words are sometimes used interchangeably but an important distinction to remember is that  while all opiates are opioids, not all opioids are opiates. A Psychemedics opiates hair drug testing program will deliver almost certanity of detection if opioid abuse is occuring.

Morphine and Codeine are opiates, derived from the poppy plant and are commonly prescribed to manage pain.

Heroin is a highly addictive drug derived from morphine, which is obtained from the opium poppy. It is a “downer” or depressant that affects the brain’s pleasure systems and interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain.

Oxycodone / Hydrocodone / Hydromorphone are prescription pain relievers.

Opiates example from DEA

DEA Opiates Example

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Analytes

Codeine
Morphine
6-MAM (Heroin)
Oxycodone (OxyContin, Endocet®, Endodan®, Percoset®, Percodan®,OxyFast®, OxyIR®, Roxicet® Tylox®)
Oxymorphone (Numorpha®, Opana®)
Hydrocodone (Vicodin®, Lortab®, Lorcet®, Hycodan®)
Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)

Street Names / Slang Terms

Heroin — Black Tar, Poppy, Al Capone, Brown Crystal
Codeine — Empirin compound with codeine, Tylenol with codeine, Codeine in cough medicine
Morphine — Morph, Monkey, Pectoral Syrup, Duramorph
OxyContin — Hillbilly Heroin, 80, Oxy, OCs, Ox, Pills, 40, 40-Bar, Kicker, Cotton
Trade Names for Oxycodone — Tylox, Percodan, Oxycontin
Vicodin — Vikings , Vikes, Hydros, Watson387
Trade Names for Hydrocodone / Vicodin — Lortab, Lorcet, Hycodan, Vicoprofen
Dilaudid — Hospital Heroin, Dillies, Hydro, M2, Dust, Juice, Smack, Footballs, D

Examples of Opiates

What Do Opioids Look Like?

Opioids are a broad family and come in many forms.

Morphine is available in pill, oral liquid or injectable forms.

Codeine is available in pill, oral liquid or as a suppository.

Heroin’s appearance can vary dramatically. The most familiar form is a powder ranging from white to off-white to brown to grey. But another form, black tar heroin, is a sticky black substance. Recently, heroin packaged in gel caps and called “scramble” and heroin tablets are being found more often.

The remainder of the opioids are found in a variety of tablet forms or injectables that vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.

How are opioids used?

Heroin can be injected into a vein (“mainlining”), injected into a muscle, smoked in a water pipe or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, inhaled as smoke through a straw, known as “chasing the dragon”, or snorted as powder via the nose.

Morphine / Codeine – Depending on its form, it may be injected, swallowed, smoked or even used as a suppository.

Oxycodone / Hydrocodone / Hydromorphone are swallowed as pills or injected.

Heroin is sometimes mixed with cocaine and is called a "speedball".

Fast Facts About The Opioids

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The Epidemic.

It is no secret given headlines that deaths by opioids are setting records years into the national epidemic. In 2017 these drugs caused 63,082 deaths.

 

  • 47,600 by opioids
  • 15,482 by heroin
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Fentanyl Onslaught.

Prescription drugs have historically led opioid deaths.  But with Illicitly Manufactured synthetics overdose fatalities growing by 75% per year since 2013, Fentanyl deaths pulled slightly ahead of prescription opioids for the first time in 2016, and accounted for nearly 70% more deaths in 2017.
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Poly Usage Kills.

Opioids—specifically fentanyl—show up in other drugs and the effects can be unpredictable and deadly. But NIH finds a disturbing trend of mixing opioids with other sedatives like benzodiazepines. In fact, well over 30% people dead of an opioid overdose also have benzodiazepine in their systems—over 40 per day.

Why Choose Psychemedics for Opioids Hair Drug Testing?

Unrivaled Detection. Nobody Is Better.

Although the growth in usage and deaths is beginning to trend slightly down, the sheer scale of the problem will keep it with us for the foreseeable future. While prescribed opioids are down  Illicitly Manufactured Fentanyl (IMF) is available and inexpensive. Dealers find a powerful profit motive to cut mainstream drugs with these sedatives and usage is skyrocketing. The potential for addiction is extreme and the possibility of overdose or death is there.

A Psychemedics hair drug testing program for opiates delivers certainty of detection. It finds drug use for the previous 90-days and the test is fully observed. Opportunities for evasion are eliminated, and the most high-risk drug behaviors can easily be identified.

Detection is the first step toward Deterrence.

Psychemedics has detected more drug users for more companies than any opiates hair drug testing lab in the world and our results have been accepted by courts across the country. Contributing to our unmatched legal track record, it is the only hair test with safeguards validated by the FBI to protect those tested from false positive results by differentiating between ingestion versus external exposure to a drug. Our clients confidently make policy decisions knowing that we go the extra mile to ensure fairness to those tested.

Our non-invasive opiates hair drug testing procedure uses a sample of hair that is up to 60% less than that required by any hair testing lab which is easily collected and shipped to our College of American Pathologists (CAP) and ISO-IEC 17025:2005 certified laboratory. Turnaround on most results is the best in the industry.

Keep Current On Drugs Of Abuse

We have put together an information sheet on Oxymorphone, a member of the opioids family, to help you understand the threats and recognize the symptoms of abuse. You can download the document for your reference or to share with others who may benefit from the information we have shared.

More Information About Opioids

Short Term Effects

Heroin — The short-term effects of heroin abuse appear soon after a single dose and disappear in a few hours. After an injection of heroin, the user reports feeling a surge of euphoria (“rush”) accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth, and heavy extremities. Following this initial euphoria, the user goes “on the nod”, an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Mental functioning becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. Other effects included slowed and slurred speech, slow gait, constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, impaired night vision, vomiting, constipation.

Morphine / Codeine — can also produce drowsiness, cause constipation, and, depending upon the amount taken, depress breathing. Taking a large single dose could cause severe respiratory depression, coma, or death.

Oxycodone / Hydrocodone / Hydromorphone — Relief from pain. In some people, prescription pain relievers also cause euphoria or feelings of well being by affecting the brain regions that mediate pleasure. This is why they are abused. Other effects include drowsiness, constipation, and slowed breathing. Taking a large single dose of prescription pain relievers can cause severe respiratory depression that can lead to death. Use of prescription pain relievers with other substances that depress the central nervous system, such as alcohol, antihistamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, or general anesthetics, increases the risk of life-threatening respiratory depression.

Long Term or Extreme Effects

Heroin — Chronic users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses, cellulites, and liver disease. Pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia, may result from the poor health condition of the abuser, as well as from heroin’s depressing effects on respiration. Withdrawal, which in regular abusers may occur as early as a few hours after the last administration, produces drug craving, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea and vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”), kicking movements (“kicking the habit”), and other symptoms.

Morphine / Codeine — Long-term use of morphine also can lead to physical dependence. This can also include tolerance and addiction.

Oxycodone / Hydrocodone / Hydromorphone — Taken exactly as prescribed, pain relievers can manage pain effectively. But chronic use or abuse of opioids can result in physical dependence and addiction. Dependence means that the body adapts to the presence of the drug, and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced or stopped. Symptoms of withdrawal include: restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, and cold flashes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”). Tolerance to the drugs’ effects also occurs with long-term use, so users must take higher doses to achieve the same or similar effects as experienced initially. Addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use.

Buy Our PDT-90 AT Home Drug Testing Kit Today

PDT-90 Personal Drug Testing Kit

Parents can administer the test in the privacy of their own homes. Just collect a small sample of a child’s hair, send the sample to the Psychemedics laboratory and receive notification of the results within 3-5 business days of receipt of the sample at the laboratory. The ‘PDT-90’ includes all instructions plus a pre-paid mailing envelope for the sample. No names are used so complete confidentiality is assured.

$89.95 - Plus Free Shipping

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