Short Term Effects
Adderall produces many of the same effects as other central nervous system stimulants. It works by increasing the availability of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine in the user’s CNS connections. The result is a speeding up of brain activity.
Medically Prescribed and Supervised. For prescribed use under medical supervision, the effects include increased focus and concentration, increased mood level, increased alertness and cognitive function, ability to function with clarity, reduction of hyperactivity or disruptive behavior, and decreased exhaustion.
Effects of Abuse. Some of the effects of adderall abuse include insomnia, lack of appetite, headache, dry mouth, nausea, upset stomach, malnutrition, anxiety, restlessness, and a pounding heartbeat.
Telltale signs of abuse. Fatigue, fast talking, incomplete thoughts, outbursts, risk taking, inattention to personal hygiene or paranoia.
Long Term Effects
Like other amphetamines adderall brings with it significant effects if abused for a long period of time. Long time abusers can suffer from, heart disease, high blood pressure, seizure, irregular heartbeat, skin discolorations, extreme fatigue, extreme weight loss, abdominal issues and cramping, among others.
As with other drugs of abuse, it can produce physiological and emotional dependence, and ceasing usage produces withdrawal symptoms including depression, irritability, mood changes, insomnia, fatigue, nausea, cramping, and for some people, vomiting.
Telltale signs of long term abuse. Exhaustion, confusion, a pattern of aggressive behavior, and noticeable weight loss. In some chronic users, a severe rash will present itself and in very extreme cases psychosis similar to schizophrenia can occur.